The''revolution vs empire''dilemna faced by the Young Turks in 1908 ,continuing into:the intellectual ferment of the first two decades of the century ;the impact of the Balkan Wars and of Gallipoli on Turkish nationalism; the beginnings of an Anatolia -oriented populism;the fatique and despair of 1918-19 ,and the call to mobilize for one last struggle ;the forging of a new leadership and of a program of resistance ; and the role of local and national elements in the grand alliance for independence.From 1923 onwards,attention shifts to : economic reconstruction; the ''smashing the idols'' refoms of the 1920s and early 30s;education,history, archeology,folklore,and the construction of a new national identity;the Great Depression and the shift to a more statist economic policy; the difficulties of the war years; and the 1946-50 transition to parliamentary pluralism.In conclusion ,the course raises some broad analytical questions : the Kemalist revolution in comparative perspective; the emergence and development of a ''catching up agenda'' in a non -colonial context;the pragmatism and empiricism of Kemalism contrasted with other (later)examples of national developmentalism; the prospects for Turkish democracy on the threshold of the 21st century.
SU Credits : 2
ECTS Credit : 3
Prerequisite : Undergraduate level HIST 191 Minimum Grade of D
Corequisite : -